How I Got This Shot – Over & Under

I thought it was worth getting back to this blog series. I started it last year and I just didn’t get round to doing too much with it. So here it is again, full of promise that I’ll do more with it from now on…

The answer to this “How I Got This Shot” is very, very simple.


Experimenting is key to advancing in photography. Yes, you can learn a lot about settings and gear but getting out there and giving it a try is really the only way you’ll improve.

So on our adventure in Japan, I knew I wanted to experiment with a few ideas when we got to Zamami Island in Okinawa.

I honestly took hundreds of photos of the water. Partly because it was outstandingly beautiful but also because I wanted to capture different images than the ones I usually do. And that took time and many, many clicks.

I played with shutter speed, angle, depth of field, where the light was and searched for different colours and textures to capture that told the story I was hoping to share.

This is just one of the images I captured that I felt happy with in the end. The shot was taken on the GoPro so I had little control over the actual settings. And I found that quite refreshing. I played more with angle and composition to get the image I wanted.

I was aiming for a peek into two worlds. Something a little abstract but still shows the beauty of this wonderful place.

Over & Under, Zamami Island

What do you think? I’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments. x

Wild Woods

Into the Woods

Into the Woods

I love being in the forest. Being among the trees is instantly calming and I can feel the city-fueled tension lift from my shoulders. I always take a moment to enjoy the lush air, absorb the rich colours, and tune out the distractions that plague me when I’m caught in the hustle and bustle of everyday life.

I notice more. The smells: pine, earth, grass, flowers.  The sounds: swishing trees, cracking branches, rustling bushes. The movement: falling leaves, twinkling light, twitching grass.  A cracking twig or a movement caught in my peripheral vision brings the hope that I’m nearing an encounter with wildlife.

Knapdale in the Golden Hour

Knapdale in the Golden Hour

In the past few years though, I’ve really started to treasure the forests themselves. I’ve always appreciated them, but now I look forward to capturing the trees and finding different ways to share them, hopefully inspiring others to see their beauty.

Mystical Mammoth

Mystical Mammoth

Intentional Camera Movement (ICM) is a technique that I’ve come to love. Especially when photographing landscapes with trees. It feels more like painting with light ink and my paintbrush camera.

Paint the Forest

Wild Woods

Wild Woods

Glass spheres or “crystal balls” are also fun to experiment with but they take a little practice to get the shot I’m looking for.

Little Piece of Bavaria

Little Piece of Bavaria

I will continue to spend much needed time in forests and nature, hopefully finding ways to engage people to care for these essential places with images that capture their beauty.

Little Owls

The other day I wrote about my trip to see European Bee-Eaters in Spain. That visit took up my morning. I returned the same evening to capture shots of an animal that has been on my wildlife wishlist for years.

Little Owls.

Like most owls, these beautiful little birds tend to hunt at dusk and dawn. While this is a brilliant time to see them in action, it’s not the easiest time to photograph them. Luckily they are one of the few owl species who are also regularly active during the day. My time in the tiny little hide near their nest site was in the evening golden hour, an hour or so before sunset.  The light was amazing in late May. It was the perfect set up.

I did have one issue though. I was still sneezing. Owls have incredible hearing. My sneezes would not only scare the birds away but possibly make them wary of the the hide itself which would mean years of work spent gaining their trust would be ruined. Now was not the time for hayfever.

Thankfully, after clambering into the hide, it became clear it was so well covered there was very little issue with pollen. All I had to do was wait.  And sit very, very still.

It paid off.

A small owl sits on a wooden tree stump looking over it's shoulder. The background is light green.

Little Owl (Athene noctua)

I was lucky to have about an hour with the male little owl who was nesting nearby. He flew in a number of times and I managed to get a few different shots. There was little planning that I could do for this one. Once I was in the hide I couldn’t move or I’d scare him away for the day. All shots had to be taken from where I was. Other than my initial set up with the branches and tree rootballs, all my shots depended on where he landed.

2016-05-22-004-JoFoo-Wildlife-Photography-Birds-European-Little-Owl-Spain WR

Little Owl in Golden Light

2016-05-22-001-JoFoo-Wildlife-Photography-Birds-European-Little-Owl-Spain WR

Little Owl

It took me a while to get my eye in. I had to watch for a while to learn the direction he would fly in from and figure out what his preferred landing spots were. There are a lot blurred shots in my recycle bin!  Once I understood his behaviour and patterns, I managed to get a few images in focus.

A small owl standing on a tree root ball.

Watching Little Owl

I’ve seen captive Little Owls before and even held one. But nothing compares to sitting with them in the wild and being part of their world, even just for a couple of hours. Wildlife photography is always a privilege and will never stop making me happy.

Little Owl Looking for Dinner

Little Owl Looking for Dinner

European Bee Eaters

a brightly coloured bird sitting on a tree branch with an insect in it's mouth. The background is green and the bird has it's back to the camera but has turned it's head to look at it from it's left eye.

European Bee Eater with Dragonfly

European Bee-eaters are enchanting birds with magical colours. A couple of months ago, I was lucky to spend a few hours in their company.

As soon as I knew I was moving to Spain I checked to see what wildlife I could try to capture on camera. A quick bit of research told me that I didn’t have to travel far to see these beautiful birds. They were quickly added to my wildlife wishlist and I made plans to visit Hides de Calera as soon as possible. Unfortunately, in autumn 2015 I’d already missed the best season to see them so I had to be patient.

And patient I was. I finally made it out at the end of May 2016 and the day began with an interesting start. With a 90 minute drive to the site ahead of us and a 6.30am meeting time, the alarm was set for 4.30am. This is not unusual for wildlife photography. Often the best time to see animals in action is early morning or late at night.

I’m not the best sleeper and once again, the night before my trip, sleep eluded me. I lay awake while the hours slipped away, eventually getting some kind of pseudo-sleep in for an hour before the alarm went off. Coffee is often essential for us wildlife photographers.

My drowsiness quickly gave way to excitement as I pictured the shots I’d like to capture in my head. Wildlife photography is unpredictable. Hides like these ones help make it more likely that you’ll be successful but it’s still possible to visit and see nothing. I tempered my excitement slightly as I reminded myself I might not be lucky today.

European Bee Eater (brightly coloured small bird) on a tree branch with a bee in it's mouth.

European Bee Eater with a Bee for Dinner

Lack of sleep was not the only thing working against me that day.  In the week leading up to the shoot, I’d experienced some of the worst hayfever allergies in over a year. Yep, that’s right – puffy, itchy eyes; scratchy throat and sneezing.


Exactly what you want to be doing when you’re sitting in a hide quietly waiting for wildlife to arrive. A hide in a field grass and flowers no less.

It wasn’t a great recipe for success.

But somehow it worked. The birds at the hide didn’t seem to notice my occasional outbursts and after about twenty minutes of waiting, they started to show up. The hide was situated near a nest site and there were at least four individuals sailing through the sky and landing in the the surrounding area. They were a sight to behold.

I always go with a plan in mind. An idea of what I’d like to see for the day. All good photographers plan their shots in advance and sometimes we have full control over the image itself. But wildlife and nature have their own agendas and I can only plan what I’d like to capture. A “dream shot”. I always have one but then I’m always happy with any time spent in the company of animals.

A brightly coloured bird amongst grass and flowers sitting outside it's nest in the ground.

European Bee Eater at it’s Nest Site

As the name would suggest, Bee Eaters live off of a diet of bees and other insects. An obvious but delightful shot to capture would be one with a mouthful of it’s name sake.  They tend to watch their prey from the branches, fly after it and catch it, then return to the branch to finish their meal. I found out later that they also kill their prey by hitting it off of the branches or perches that they return to. Eating bees is tricky and these birds have developed a clever way to deal with that sting. Once the bee is dead, they wipe or scrape the abdomen along the branch to get rid of the sting.

Two brightly coloured birds (European Bee Eaters). One on a small branch and the other is on it's back with it's wings spreads part of a mating behaviour

Mating Behaviour

These birds are usually monogamous and nest in the ground. The nest is a long burrow which can be a metre in length with an area at the end called a chamber. It was fascinating to watch them. With some further reading afterwards, I also learned that this is one of the few European bird species who have helpers. So for these birds, care of the young is not only down to the parents.  They have assistance from male relatives (sons, brothers) of one or both of the parents.

While I was there it became obvious that some courtship was taking place. At first I thought it was a parent feeding a fledgling – they do this for some time as hunting insects is incredibly difficult and requires a lot of skill – but I quickly realised that the male bee eaters bring gifts to their female partners.  I watched as he arrived with a variety of presents for her and his troubles were occasionally rewarded with mating behaviour.

Sometimes though, his efforts were met with a disgruntled female and a squabble ensued.

I say that though, despite sitting still in my little hide for hours, I couldn’t identify individuals with certainty. They look very similar! So while I thought that sometimes the female wasn’t impressed with her male sutor, it may well be that there were two males approaching her and one was lucky in love, while the other not so much.

My instinct told me that what I was witnessing though, was a monogamous pair preparing for the next brood with male siblings/offspring getting in the way.  I guess I’ll never know for sure.

Their squabbles were impressive. A flurry of disagreeing colour. I got good a predicting them and working out which birds were about to have words with each other. I could study animal interactions all day.

Two bright birds (European Bee Eaters). On is on a small branch with it's wings spread and beak open, responding to another as it flies overhead.

The Quarrel

By the end of the session, around midday, the encounters were reducing in frequency as the temperature rose. I was thankful for my little hide and the shelter it provided. It wasn’t quite the 40 degrees of summer but we were reaching a toasty 32 degrees.  It was time to pack up and head home for a few hours sleep before returning later that night to try and photograph Little Owls.

I took hundreds of shots that morning and have many more to share with you. Please visit my website and galleries to see more of my bee eater images.

Thanks for stopping by! x

Two bright birds (European Bee Eaters) sitting back to back on a small tree branch. Their feathers are ruffled.

Ruffled Feathers

Beauty in the Details

I love wildlife photography. But the chance to get out to a hide or into a position to photograph my favourite species isn’t always simple (or cheap!). So sometimes I need to find inspiration from the world around me.

I’m the first to admit that on some days I go out and I just can’t capture what I’m looking for.

On other days I can translate the magic that I see in the natural world through the lens. When that happens I get images like these…

A photo of a single blackberry hanging on a branch.

A photo of a very bright set of leaves with focus on one which looks like a heart

A photo of a fern leaf in winter which is brown with a light dusting of frost

A photo of an old poppy head with very shallow depth of field and green background

A photo of a spider's web with waterdroplets of morning dew on it in bright, warm morning light

There really is beauty everywhere. If you can’t see it, I find it helps to adjust your focus and look again (and again and again!).

Please contact me if you would like to purchase any of my images. They will be available in my shop soon.

Thanks for stopping by!